"Besta board" is the trade name for the factory made Magnesium oxide (MgO) board.
Magnesium oxide, with a melting point of 2800 Centigrade, is often used as a basic refractory material for lining crucibles and furnaces. Its versatility has seen to it being used often in commercial and residential constructions. In addition to general building board uses, magnesium oxide has a higher fire rating, resistance to moulds and mildew and is relatively sound proof. A relatively new inorganic bonded composite, MgO boards are produced using an alkali-resistant fibre-glass mesh as a strengthening material.
Magnesium oxide derives its strength from the oxide bond. It is often used as a new age substitute for the traditional gypsum drywall, ceiling cover material or as sheathing. Magnesium oxide also finds use in construction applications like fascias, soffits, shaft-liner & area separation wall sheathing, and as tile backing (backer board) or substrates for coatings and insulated systems.
Available in various sizes and thickness, magnesium oxide boards are classified as a non paper covered material. Magnesium oxide boards are widely used in Asia as the primary construction material. It was designated as the 'official' construction specified material of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games. It was used extensively on the inside and outside of all the walls, fireproofing beams, and as the sub-floor sheathing in what was once the world's tallest building the Taipei 101.